HRC considers these messages violates the Telephone Consumer Protection Act because they are misleading.
The act says indeed that it is forbidden "to transmit misleading caller-identification information […] especially with the intent to defraud or cause harm."
However, some of the e-mails sent said: "Obama supports same-sex relationships. Voting for him will destroy the sanctity of marriage," or "stop Obama from forcing gay marriage on the states. Your vote is your choice."
"It is foreseeable that our adversaries use such an underhand tactic and try to tackle the equality from behind the shrouds of the secrecy," said Fred Sainz, spokesman of the organization.